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Polypyrrole-metal oxide nanocomposite materials for electro- and photocatalytic water oxidation into oxygen

Abstract : This thesis is focused on the development of efficient anodes and photonanodes for electrocatalytic and photocatalytic water oxidation based on nanocomposite materials in which nickel or cobalt oxide nanoparticles have been inserted in a positively charged poly(pyrrole-alkylammonium) film.The nanocomposite anodes exhibit small nanoparticles of nickel or cobalt oxides and high nanostructuration induced by the polypyrrole matrix leading to very high catalytic performance in comparison with bare anodes on which nickel and cobalt oxides have been deposited without polypyrrole. These nanocomposite electrodes outperform the nickel-based anodes of the literature (undoped by iron) and those using precious metal oxides, such as RuO2 and IrO2.This strategy has been successfully extended to the design of hybrid photoanodes by introducing a perylene diimine chromophore in these nickel or cobalt oxide nanocomposite materials. These photoanodes display very high photocurrent density with nickel oxide and cobalt oxide under visible light illumination along with a relatively good stability over time. These photocurrent density values largely exceed those reached by similar hydrid photoanodes of literature combining an organic dye and a metal oxide as catalyst, demonstrating the great potentialities of our approach to implement (photo)electrochemical cells devoted to water splitting into H2 and O2.
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Daniela Valentina Morales Montecinos. Polypyrrole-metal oxide nanocomposite materials for electro- and photocatalytic water oxidation into oxygen. Inorganic chemistry. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAV012⟩. ⟨tel-02645245⟩

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