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Ingénierie de dispersion dans les cristaux photoniques pour la réalisation de micro-lasers compacts impulsionnels

Abstract : With the development of cloud computing and video streaming, the amount of data transmitted across the Internet has skyrocketed during the last decade. It now represents between 6 % and 10 % of the global energy consumption, and is expected to keep rising with the emergence of Internet of Things applications. However, the limits of the current infrastructure are already becoming apparent. Integrated photonics has brought new concepts to overcome the limitation of electronics such as all-optical signal processing or optical interconnects. In particular, silicon photonics has enabled the realisation of photonic integrated circuits able to perform these complex tasks on a chip and compete with their electronic counterparts. Moreover, integrated designs benefit from better robustness, stability and compactness as well as a reduced energy consumption. Integrated light sources have been developed to drive these photonic integrated circuits. Integrated mode-locked lasers are especially interesting since they provide both a regular pulse train and a stable mode comb. These lasers rely on the combination of a multimode laser and a saturable absorber to phase-lock the modes of the cavity. Despite some progress towards their integration on a chip, their size is still in the millimetre to the centimetre range. Since the quality of the generated pulse train is related to the effective length of the cavity, which is the product of the group index of the guided mode and the actual length of the cavity, their miniaturisation remains a challenge.In this PhD work, a novel design based on the use of slow-light (high ng) in photonic crystals to achieve further miniaturisation of integrated mode-locked lasers is studied. Indeed, slow light allows us to keep the effective length of the cavity high in a compact design with group indices one order of magnitude higher than in standard cavities. In order to reach mode-locking, a wide regular mode comb must be present in the cavity spectrum. Nonetheless, the strong dispersion of slow light modes in photonic crystals limits the spectral width of the regular mode comb. Using dispersion engineering, the bandwidth of the mode comb can be drastically improved. Photonic crystal cavities exploiting dispersion-engineered slow light in active III-V materials on silica were designed using numerical simulations, then fabricated and characterised to demonstrate the validity of this approach and study its potential limitations. We show that in spite of the effect of fabrication-induced disorder, regular mode combs can be generated in cavities as long as 45,5 µm with a group index around 30. These cavities may allow for an 8-fold size reduction of mode-locked lasers compared to standard waveguide designs. In the future, a saturable absorber such as graphene could be introduced onto the cavities in order to achieve mode-locking.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 6:26:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02642539, version 1

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Malik Kemiche. Ingénierie de dispersion dans les cristaux photoniques pour la réalisation de micro-lasers compacts impulsionnels. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSEC022⟩. ⟨tel-02642539⟩

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