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Le fonctionnement psychique des jeunes dits "incasables" : du manque de la fonction paternelle, qu’en est-il de la fonction tiercéisante ?

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to better understand the psychological workings of those youths that are called « unplaceable ». The term « unplaceable » is recurring in child welfare services. It defines those « troubled teenagers », « teenagers with behavioural issues », those « no one wants »… They are called by a variety of terms. The complex nature of this clinical case will lead to a review of the history and evolution of the institutions caring for children in France, so as to understand how they adapted to « troubled » children and teenagers. Through this issue, I will examine the psychological workings of those teenagers, linked to the lack of paternal function and the role of thirdness, a subject that seems central to better understand child care. The clinical case, studied throughout more than two years, is that of Paul and Laurent, two institutionalized youths that could be called “unplaceable”. This clinical case is made more complex by the diversity of concepts and terms used to define those teenagers. It implies a reflexion on the notions of transference and countertransference that will be present for the duration of the research work. The institutional stakes present in the care for those youths will be examined through a psychoanalytical angle, and sometimes other points of view – given that the notion of “unplaceability” is diverse. The notions of the absence of the father and maternal lack can shed some light on what makes Paul and Laurent “unplaceable”. But they will not be labelled thus indefinitely.
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Marina Devaux. Le fonctionnement psychique des jeunes dits "incasables" : du manque de la fonction paternelle, qu’en est-il de la fonction tiercéisante ?. Psychologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100045⟩. ⟨tel-02641408⟩

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