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Le mythe de combat : les Mischwesen et leur fonction dans la diffusion des messages idéologiques. Textes et iconographie de la chancellerie royale Assyrienne

Abstract : The combat myth, one of the most studied topics of the Mesopotamian culture, is often interpreted exclusively as a tool in disseminating the Assyrian royal ideology. However, the message transmitted may have richer and more diverse meanings. This thesis is concerned with the metaphysical dimension of the combat myth, in particular with the role of the Mischwesen in it, opposed by the warrior gods, in order to save the divine world from the chaos. By analyzing textual sources belonging to the Sumerian and Akkadian traditions, notably those related to the mythology of the god Ninurta, we can identify a series of themes that appear recurrently, and which display a transfer of knowledge from a primordial and antediluvian entity to the younger generations of the pantheon, usually represented by warrior gods, or by storm gods. Myths are not the only literary compositions to be interpreted; for example, the study of Gilgameš's Epic is a central point in this thesis, as it contains several themes related to the battle and the transmission of knowledge. The Mischwesen also represents the image of an enemy, identified in the royal inscriptions as a dangerous, unpredictable and barbarous Other. It is interesting to see how the two traditions developed almost in parallel (the mythology and the ideology) present the same subject, in a different form, and at one point in time, manage to influence one another. The combat myth is also present in the royal palace, and in the iconography in general, though in a less visible, rather symbolic way. Images representing the war and the royal hunt can also be easily interpreted by referring to the theme of combat.
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Teodora Costache. Le mythe de combat : les Mischwesen et leur fonction dans la diffusion des messages idéologiques. Textes et iconographie de la chancellerie royale Assyrienne. Histoire. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEP074⟩. ⟨tel-02637145⟩

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