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La trame du passé et les fils de l’histoire. La fabrique du passé à Mazamet : protestants, catholiques et autres. Enjeux historiographiques et mémoriels. XIXe- XXIe siècles

Abstract : In the XVIIIth century, in the city of Mazamet, weaving, woollen cloth and wool work started developing. At the turn of the XXth century, the city became a global center for wool pulling in a quite landlocked area where Protestants and Catholics had been co-existing since the XVIth century. Within this context a discourse about the city’s past has been built; it states the following-real or imaginary-paradox: “The workers used to vote right-wing for being Catholics whereas the owners used to vote left-wing for being Protestants.” This statement resulting from almost one century of sedimentation was accepted and integrated by the population and still remains active today. This discourse enables to think about the religion’s ability to influence and reproduce an established social order supervised by the economic, political and religious elites in the city. The religion also challenges this social order, it can even subvert and reexamine the populations’ social and religious representations. Therefore how can the connections between the religious, social and political fields be questioned without making anachronisms while taking into account the plays on scales existing for a quite long time? Actually falling into essentialization should be avoided here as very often it made history what it had not been. Analysing the links between memories and history highlights the times and the actors from the past that were forgotten or hidden by this story. Using the example of Mazamet, this work challenges the history subject on its ability first to question the ways of producing, transmitting and spreading the discourse on the past and then to tirelessly query the obvious.
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Stéphanie Maffre. La trame du passé et les fils de l’histoire. La fabrique du passé à Mazamet : protestants, catholiques et autres. Enjeux historiographiques et mémoriels. XIXe- XXIe siècles. Histoire. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEP022⟩. ⟨tel-02636883⟩

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