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Le maïs mésoaméricain : patrimoine culinaire et religieux dans le vodoun de Ouidah, Bénin

Abstract : Corn is a cereal that has been domesticated in Mesoamerica. This domestication has enabled social groups to develop a sedentary lifestyle that has favored the concentration of individuals in villages, allowing them to develop other aspects of community life. Later, with trade expansion travels, Europeans discovered that some american plants could be exploited in their new colonies. This triggered the migration of many plants. Corn, which was an easy-to-grow crop with a great ability to adapt to weather conditions and easy to transport, after spreading throughout America, continued its journey to the rest of the world. On this basis we tried to understand how maize was introduced into the Gulf of Guinea and more precisely into the ancient Dahomey. Nowadays, in southern Benin, maize has replaced millet and sorghum. Maize is the most produced and consumed cereal in the south of the country. It also plays a significant role in the religious life within voodoo practices. The work we undertook to understand the uses and representations of maize by the Fon and Xweda ethnic groups allowed us to approach the voodoo community of Ouidah, former slave port, where we conducted eight years research work. The results of this work enabled us to structure our knowledge of voodoo religion and to highlight the heritage that the people of Ouidah have built around corn at the culinary level as well as at the symbolic level.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 9:31:10 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:56:09 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02636827, version 1



Rosa Nallely Moreno Moncayo. Le maïs mésoaméricain : patrimoine culinaire et religieux dans le vodoun de Ouidah, Bénin. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEP001⟩. ⟨tel-02636827⟩



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