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habiter la façade : la conquête d'une épaisseur sensible : les dispositifs de façade épaisse dans les logements collectifs des écoquartiers : ocnception architecturale et ambiances

Abstract : In the current context of architectural design and developments, the facade shifted away from its traditional function of dividing, light-filtering wall. It is now diversified in an array of increasingly complex spaces, thus growing in adjustable thickness. Balconies, loggias, terraces, corridors, all stemming from different cultures, developed nowadays new spatial, environmental and behavioural propositions. The general hypothesis of this thesis is that the ensemble of intermediary spaces (balconies, loggias, terraces, corridors), brought together under the name “Thick facade devices” (TFD), fully takes part in the design and the experience of contemporary housing. TFDs belong to the “intermediary spaces” family, i.e. places characterising a transition area that separates two spaces with two different degrees of intimacy, establishing connections between the inside and the outside, enabling permeability with natural elements, neighbours, the urban context or the bigger territory. By definition, TFDs work as interfaces that generate sensory and perceptible experience. The analysis of three eco-districts (in Grenoble and Paris) allows to explore the typological variety of the built environment ; the diversity in the roles given to the TFDs by the residents is telling: additional surface to the housing, entrance hall into the house, representative space for the building, regulating filter of the ambiance factors, modularity of intimacy and increase of the place’s quality of life. In conclusion, the thesis shows how the study of TFD ambiances can highlight cross-cutting and contemporary challenges regarding the design of intermediary spaces. Several questions are proposed to designers : TFDs in his context, a space with strong adjustable appropriation, an access to nature, an area to play with the five senses, an intimate and convivial place. For the architect, designing housing and considering the TFDs’ ambiances through this grid thus becomes a strategy to expand and enhance his housing project.Keyword: thick interface, balcony, loggia, terrace, corridor, ambiances, appropriation, inhabiting, modularity, ecodistrict, techno-sensitive.
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Hengameh Pirhosseinloo. habiter la façade : la conquête d'une épaisseur sensible : les dispositifs de façade épaisse dans les logements collectifs des écoquartiers : ocnception architecturale et ambiances. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAH019⟩. ⟨tel-02634748⟩

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