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Description linguistique et évaluation des capacités orthographiques d'adultes en difficulté avec l'écrit.

Abstract : In this thesis, we are interested in the spelling abilities of writers aged 16 to 65 living in metropolitan France, who were considered to be in difficulty with writing according to the IVQ survey (INSEE, 2011). The material of our research consists of two dictations that reflect a situation of ordinary scription (the writing of a shopping list), which include words, pseudo-words and noun and verbal phrases. They come from a first IVQ survey and a complementary survey that we conducted in 2014. Our approach is part of the literacy framework and aims to highlight not only the weaknesses of these audiences but also their knowledge and know-how. Our hypothesis is that the spelling abilities of writers even in great difficulty, may be considered from a point of view that differs from the opposition between right and wrong forms, and that a more refined analysis is possible by mobilizing the contributions of linguistics. We show in particular how writers appropriate the phonographic component of spelling: although some are considered "illiterate" according to the IVQ survey, they have developed knowledge about the French spelling system, both in its regularities and its specificities. Our research thus provides a helpful tool for training by taking into account the difficulties of writers in a more targeted way, and by setting up diagnostics that can take the form of a dictated evaluation type, but by working on the choice of items against the results of our study on the writing proficiency levels of writers in difficulty.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 11:32:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 3:18:47 AM


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Carole Blondel. Description linguistique et évaluation des capacités orthographiques d'adultes en difficulté avec l'écrit.. Linguistique. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALL001⟩. ⟨tel-02632800⟩