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Functionalization of cellulose nanofibrils for the development of biobased medical devices

Abstract : In line with the ever-increasing academic and industrial interest for wood derived nanocellulose, the present work investigated the chemical surface modification of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) for biomedical application. Drugs and pro-drugs of active principle ingredients (APIs) were covalently immobilized or adsorbed onto CNFs films or suspensions. For covalent immobilization, the first strategy selected calls for water-based and single step esterification of CNF films. The resulting materials demonstrated antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains, with a prolonged contact-active effect. In the second strategy, CNFs suspensions were modified through a multistep reaction, involving amidation and click chemistry, still water-based. Highly innovative characterization tools, such as dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), complemented well-established techniques to confirm the success of grafting. In parallel to covalent immobilization, an adsorption strategy was also adopted, on both CNFs films and suspensions. Then, the CNF films with grafted or adsorbed APIs were used for preparing 100% CNF medical devices for topical applications. Another component of this work used CNF suspensions with grafted or adsorbed APIs were embedded in collagen matrices to prepare model medical device of soft tissue repair implants. Antibacterial activity against both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, together with controlled release properties were assessed confirming that such composites present the expected active properties, and can be used for the design of innovative medical devices.Key words: nanocellulose, cellulose nanofibrils, functionalization, medical devices, antibacterial activity, drug release
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 11:15:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02628505, version 1

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Hippolyte Durand. Functionalization of cellulose nanofibrils for the development of biobased medical devices. Medical Physics [physics.med-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAI021⟩. ⟨tel-02628505⟩

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