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Anaphore et référence en production écrite : étude de textes narratifs d'élèves de 9 à 11 ans, du CE2 au CM2

Abstract : My dissertation aims to observe and describe the acquisition of reference marks in written production among students from CE2 to CM2 (age 9 to 11) in narrative texts. This study makes it establish a map of students' competencies in terms of referential continuity according to their class level. Much research in linguistics have focused on the question of reference from the point of view of analysis and reception, but very little from the production point of view. In the didactics of French as a first language, studies that analyse referential expression in student texts mainly examine a limited sample of texts. Furthermore, psycholinguistic studies focusing on reference from a developmental point of view are more numerous for oral than for written studies and generally concern the youngest children (ages 0 to 3). In my dissertation, I lead the study from a progressive perspective. Indeed, I consider the development of students' writing skills by studying the processes they use to introduce and maintain referents in a narrative text. In particular, I explore whether students from CE2 to CM2 (9 to 11 years old) favour anaphoric relations (Reichler-Béguelin, 1988) or reference chains (Schnedecker, 1997 and if age and referent characteristics influence their choice. To this end, I submit a problem task (Garcia-Debanc & Bonnemaison, 2014) containing several referential expressions requiring the introduction of referents of various natures (human/non-human, event, space-time indications) to 210 students from CE2 to CM2. The pupil’s linguistics marks analysis shows that class level and referent characteristics influence the number and nature of the coreferential expressions used.
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Karine Peres Bonnemaison. Anaphore et référence en production écrite : étude de textes narratifs d'élèves de 9 à 11 ans, du CE2 au CM2. Linguistique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU20029⟩. ⟨tel-02627042⟩

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