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Survivre en agrosystème céréalier - le défi de la Perdrix grise : sélection d’habitat, compétition interspécifique et traits individuels

Clément Harmange 1
1 LETG - Nantes - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR6554, EPHE - École pratique des hautes études, UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie, UBO - Université de Brest, UR2 - Université de Rennes 2, IGARUN - Institut de Géographie et d'Aménagement
Abstract : Habitat selection is a behavioural process in response to environmental stimuli as resource availability (food, shelter) and threats(competitors, predators). The understanding of the underlying mechanisms is crucial in ecology and allow to identify and consider factors limiting populations. The stake of this PhD thesis was to identify limiting factors (landscapes, game practices) and reponses of grey partridge (Perdix perdix) populations under mixed game management (annual releases of captive-reared birds, without shooting suspension). Habitat selection patterns have changed towards a lower avoidance of risky habitats, while habitat suitability has decreased and the proportion of captive-reared birds in the population has likely increased. Interspecific competition with red-legged partridge also affected habitat selection in grey partridge. Some individuals showed a behavioural capacity to adjust (in terms of rhythms of activity, habitat selection, space use) to the spatiotemporal structuration of risk along the diel cycle, potentially influenced by individual traits (personality, health status). Habitat suitability, predation and hunting pressures were identified as structuring factors of grey partridge populations. A game management based on releases of naïve birds and competing species, disturbances induced by shooting during the post-release period, and no preliminary assessement of habitat quality, could locally imperil the maintenance of grey partridge populations.
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Clément Harmange. Survivre en agrosystème céréalier - le défi de la Perdrix grise : sélection d’habitat, compétition interspécifique et traits individuels. Biologie animale. Université d'Angers, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ANGE0022⟩. ⟨tel-02626902⟩

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