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Theses

Usure des tubes GV générée par des impacts répétés contre les supports à jeu

Abstract : This thesis presents a study on wear induced by low-loaded sliding impacts in general and on wear induced by repetitive impacts between steam generator tubes and antivibration bars in pressurized water reactors in particular. The experimental study of the impacts dynamics shows that their characteristics strongly depend on the incidence angle. Two friction regimes are observed, characterized by sliding throughout the impact for grazing angles and by the existence of a sliding phase followed by an adhesion phase for the angles close to normal. The dynamic characteristics of the impacts, such as the impulse ratio, the energy loss or the sliding distance during an impact, are expressed as functions of the incident parameters, the kinetic friction coefficient and the restitution coefficient. These expressions extend the erosive formulations of Brach [1] to the case of low-loaded percussive multi-asperities impacts. The study of wear induced by oblique impacts at ambient temperature in air and water environment shows a linear relationship between the wear volume and the energy loss without any incubation period, with a constant proportionality coefficient in air, and with a proportionality coefficient which strongly depends on the incidence angle in water environment. Ridges similar to thin abrasion scratches are observed on the worn surfaces, without any mark of adhesion or significant plastic deformation. Thus, a damage scenario based on micro-scratching abrasion only is proposed. Two impacts wear models in water environment are proposed, which express firstly the worn volume and secondly the maximal worn depth as functions of the impacts incident parameters, the restitution coefficient, the kinetic friction coefficient, the SG tube and AVB geometrical characteristics and a constant wear coefficient.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:08:09 PM
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Thibaut Souilliart. Usure des tubes GV générée par des impacts répétés contre les supports à jeu. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEC035⟩. ⟨tel-02626816⟩

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