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Theses

La coopération décentralisée France-Bénin

Abstract : The limits of the bilateral and multilateral partnerships led by the governments as well as the strong mobilization of the local elected representatives allowed the decentralized cooperation to impose on all the nations of the world through their territorial collectivities. The post-Second World War was decisive for the establishment of this new relationship between North and South. Indeed, the former colonizers will try to maintain an umbilical cord with their former territories by displaying the will to contribute to their development and reconciling the peoples. This is how the French local authorities implemented various projects for the benefit of their Benin counterparts and this under the seal of decentralized cooperation. In this thesis, let us assume that local actors in both territories do not share the same perceptions of this decentralized cooperation. How do the perceptions and practices of the actors of decentralized cooperation between France and Benin turn out to be a relationship based on help or collaboration?Interviews with local actors in France and Benin show that their perceptions directly influence the place of decentralized cooperation in local and regional authorities. In France as in Benin, while elected representatives and executives members of decentralized cooperation management mechanisms perceive decentralized cooperation as a relationship based on collaboration, "working together", cooperation, most of the remote actors in the system. Recall it such a relationship based on the assistance provided by French local authorities to those Benin. This confirms our hypothesis on aid, which is the goal of any decentralized Franco-Beninese cooperation program. Indeed, the piloting mechanisms put in place represent laboratories of work, of reflection for technical choices downstream and upstream of the implementation of the aid provided to Benin local authorities by their Fren
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Mahouton Marius Elvis Djossou. La coopération décentralisée France-Bénin. Géographie. Université de Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018POIT5006⟩. ⟨tel-02624377⟩

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