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Theses

J-1 : sociologie des déclenchements d'actions protestataires

Abstract : Collective protests outbreaks are often overlookedinsocial scienceand explained by metaphors (“last straw”, explosion…) or more erudite myths. This dissertation intends to fill thisgap, as I propose an innovative theoretical framework inspired by interactionist and constructivist approaches to detail how protest triggers work. For this purpose, I conducted several qualitative and quantitative studies based on interviews, archives, online documents studies, direct observation and experimental methods, about student mobilizations, riots and various other collective actions. The micro-sociological component of this research focuses onthe decisive role of strategies of self presentation and of the construction of a certainty that other players will join the action, at the triggering thresholds The sociohistorical and macro-sociological component focuses on the effects of institutionalized and shared knowledge which provides the players with an chorage in their calculations and enables them to cope with the uncertainty that precedes the triggering instants. In this part, I introduce various factors that contribute to the realization of the collective action by making it subjectively certain for players. For example, some “typical triggers” or “typical trigger situations” can be linked to given mode of actions (“typical collective reactions”) by tradition or clichés. The aim of this dissertation is not only to build a theory to explain triggers of collective protests outbreaks, but also to provide both social scientists and activists withnew ways of anticipating or producingsuch triggers.
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Alessio Motta. J-1 : sociologie des déclenchements d'actions protestataires. Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D062⟩. ⟨tel-02614236⟩

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