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La mise en problème européen de l'économie publique : socio-histoire des mondes de l'entreprise publique au contact de la politique européenne (1957-1997)

Abstract : Is it “Europe” that ordered the privatisations ? Is it in “Brussels” that the crisis of the “service public à la française” has been played out ? Starting from the political and legal conflicts surrounding the categories of “public undertaking” and “service of general economic interest”, this dissertation illuminates the precarious forms of recognition of a “public economy” at the level of the European Union. Assuming that the failure to bring out a separate status refers to the impossible aggregation of a European network of professionals and knowledge of the public economic sector, it reveals an historical process of “problematisation” of the public economy at European stage. Born as an institutional counter-mobilisation aimed at curbing the risks of European dirigisme, the competitive program first asserts itself in political and doctrinal controversies that place the public sector in a “derogatory” position. It then unfolds on various bureaucratic, judicial, professional and academic fronts that contribute to a principle of equal application of the competitive imperative to all economic agents. The transnational re-mobilisation enterprise, launched in the 1980s and 1990s by the political and professional networks of the public sector, led by Electricté de France, provides a test of the social and institutional anchoring of this new acquis communautaire. Following this historical trajectory, one can grasp the conditions of the stowage of the competitive paradigm to the Common Market and its consequences for the articulation of the public sector with the European project.
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Mélanie Vay. La mise en problème européen de l'économie publique : socio-histoire des mondes de l'entreprise publique au contact de la politique européenne (1957-1997). Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D061⟩. ⟨tel-02613592⟩

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