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Captage du CO2 par les amines demixantes

Abstract : Nowadays, CO2 capture by amines solvents is the most advanced technology to reduce CO2 industrial emissions. However, this technology presents some concerns. The major problem of this process, using monoethanolamine (MEA), is the high energy needed to regenerate the solvent and makes the process of CO2 capture very expensive. In order to reduce the high cost associated to the energy of regeneration, various breakthrough processes have been studied within the framework of FUI «ACACIA» which include several companies (IFPEN, RHODIA/SOLVAY, ARKEMA, LAFARGE, Gas of France, VEOLIA) and four academic laboratories (LMOPS, LSA, LTIM (ex-LTSP), IRCELyon): - CO2 Capture with gas hydrate formation. - Use of enzymes leading to process of less energy-consuming. - Use of multiamines to increase the quantity of CO2 absorbed or demixing amines which only allow the regeneration of the rich phase in CO2 (low cost for regeneration energy). Our contribution into the consortium has been the study of seven demixing amines or multiamines: - Three commercial amines (the N-Methylpiperidine, 2-Methylpiperidine and the molecule A). - Four « multiamines » with confidentiel structures synthesized by LMOPS and denoted by the initials B, D, E, F. The demixing phenomenon is influenced by many factors such as temperature, the loading of the acid gas and the amine concentration of the solution. The understanding of this phenomenon is one of the objectives of this thesis. The essential data to estimate the potentials efficiency of solvent to capture CO2 is the isotherm of absorption. We have determined these isotherms at temperatures close to the absorber and regenerator units (respectively 40°C and 80°C) at different concentrations of amine ((26%, 30%, 50% and 66%) and pressures of CO2varying between 10 kPa et 200 kPa. The thermodynamic modelling of the isotherms of absorption allows to deduce important operating parameters of the process (cyclic capacity, average enthalpy of reaction, solvent flow...) and to dimension the absorption unit and to estimate its energy consumption. The experimental study has been completed by the determination of vapor-liquid equilibrium of pure amines and of different aqueous solutions of amines with the static method. These data allow anticipating the possible loss in amine in the regenerator. Among the studied amines, the one denoted with the initial « F » is a potential candidate for an industrial application energy-efficient (good CO2 absorption capacity, low regeneration energy, low volatility)
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 20, 2020 - 9:39:10 AM
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Fatiha Dergal. Captage du CO2 par les amines demixantes. Chimie analytique. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I; Université Abou Bekr Belkaid (Tlemcen, Algérie), 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10211⟩. ⟨tel-02613375⟩



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