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Vers des robots animés : outils et méthodes pour l'intégration d'artistes animateurs dans la conception de robots sociaux expressifs

Abstract : Once only experimental devices, social robots are beginning to arrive in homes, schools, hospitals and nursing homes. They are becoming companions of our education, health and well-being. These first commercial launches of social robots confirm the importance of the human-robot interaction anticipated by researchers. Indeed, since non-verbal communication forms a major part of communication in humans, we cannot help but interpret the movements and behaviours of robots as the expression of mental states. This effect of the expressiveness of social robots implies that they must be carefully designed to avoid disrupting the interaction.The fields of video games and animated movies have long been interested in the design of such expressive movements. Many tools and methods have been developed to support the creation of virtual character movements. They have made possible the combination of the latest technological advances with the talents of animation artists who are masters in the art of bringing life into characters. From this observation, the focus of this thesis is the design of tools and methods to integrate animation artists into the design process of social robots. In particular, we investigate the minimal adaptations of the creative process of animation artists made necessary by the specific characteristics of the robotic medium.The contributions of this thesis are as follows:- A framework for prototyping animated social robots, based on mapping and synchronizing the physical robot with an animated virtual robot in a 3D character animation tool.- A second robotic animation tool integrating direct manipulation into the keyframing animation process.- A methodology for designing parametric animation through the collaboration of an animation artist and a developer, as well as the tools and software interface to support this collaboration.- The evaluation by animation artists of the robotic animation tool by direct manipulation and of the method of generalization of an animation to new geometric constraints.
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Etienne Balit. Vers des robots animés : outils et méthodes pour l'intégration d'artistes animateurs dans la conception de robots sociaux expressifs. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAM056⟩. ⟨tel-02613096⟩

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