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La contractualisation du droit des sociétés : l'ordre public à l'épreuve de la liberté contractuelle dans les sociétés commerciales de l'OHADA

Abstract : Since the Uniform Act on General Commercial Law came into force in 1997, the public policy nature of the rules enacted has been questioned by practitioners and doctrine. All the provisions of this uniform act were declared mandatory by the legislator who made the difficult choice of diverting the contemporary trend. Indeed, one of the most significant developments in company law since the end of the 20th century is the move towards a flexible law in which the will of the shareholder is prominent. A reform of the Uniform Act on General Commercial Law then became necessary in order to allow the use of contractual mechanisms and adapt OHADA company law to the needs of shareholders.Yet since the law reform in January 2014, scholars are not unanimous on the extent which the OHADA legislator has stretched contract in company law. Thus, while some see the reform as a triumph of contractual freedom, others see it as a mere boost in party autonomy uphelding the same rigid law exclusively made of non deregatory rules. As such, it was appropriate to assess the scope of contractualism in OHADA company law as well as the effectiveness of the related contractual mechanisms. Focusing on a substantial analysis of existing laws, this contribution shows a real decline of public policy in company law and a deep flexibility in the legal regime of companies hitherto for their rigid institutional character.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 19, 2020 - 3:17:51 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02612782, version 2

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Emmanuel Sèmassa Houenou. La contractualisation du droit des sociétés : l'ordre public à l'épreuve de la liberté contractuelle dans les sociétés commerciales de l'OHADA. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Université d'Abomey-Calavi (Bénin), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D022⟩. ⟨tel-02612782v2⟩

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