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Oiseaux urbains ? : les conditions d'une cohabitation humains - animaux dans le Grand Paris

Abstract : This thesis focuses on human – animal relationships in a densely inhabited city, through the study of discourses about urban birds in the Greater Paris. Since public policies promoting urban biodiversity are growing, this research questions city dwellers’ bird acceptation or reject criteria, as well as management policies implemented in regards birds. Thus, this work wants to depict conditions of cohabitation with a part of ordinary urban biodiversity, based on quantitative (980 questionnaires) and qualitative methods (19 interviews) and inhabitants letters analysis (170 texts). Birds appeared to be widely loved animals in cities, but this positive appreciation depends on perceived specific diversity and the territorial contexts of the encounters between city dwellers and birds. By comparing the appreciations of Carrion crow (Corvus corone) and Ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri), it is shown that cultural representations of birds can be reversed due to species behavior and population dynamics, along with urban territories’ status. City dwellers complain about birds when they cause damage to everyday life territories, revealing urban imaginaries where animals are more or less at their proper place. City administrators’ discourses create a dichotomy between the birds that fall within the type of biodiversity that needs to be promoted and the species with whom cohabitation is problematic. The latter are rarely considered as belonging to that type of biodiversity.
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Alizé Berthier. Oiseaux urbains ? : les conditions d'une cohabitation humains - animaux dans le Grand Paris. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01H034⟩. ⟨tel-02612615⟩

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