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Etude du comportement différé des revêtements dans les galeries souterraines

Abstract : Stress equilibrium in concrete lining of deep tunnels, or in soft rocks, is a complex phenomenon. It results from the coupled behavior of the rock and the concrete of the lining. The creep behavior of the rock implies a progressive loading of the gallery lining. The magnitude of this phenomenon is strongly related to the rigidity of the concrete lining. Numerical simulation led to predict the stress generated in the lining are generally done by integrating very complex models in rock behavior, but the results can show a higher stress than those measured in real galleries. The origin of the mistakes in these numerical models can be multiple. These differences can be explained by the omission of certain phenomena which can influence the balance of the stress in the lining.Through various approaches with increasing complexity, the phenomena that can influence the evolution of the stress in deep underground tunnel lining have been studied. These phenomena can be related to the behavior of the concrete lining or to the behavior of the ground. A semi-analytical convergence-confinement approach have been developed by integrating the long term behavior of the ground effects with a Singh-Mitchell phenomenological model. The creep and shrinkage of the concrete lining follow an empirical model of Eurocode. This allowed for determining an order of magnitude of the different phenomena and to select those having a significant effect. Moreover, thanks to an analysis of experimental data on the Chamoise and Bure galleries, we have been able to show that the evolution of the stress velocity in the lining seems to follow a linear evolution of log⁡(dσ)/log⁡(t) with a constant slope despite the differences between the structures. The study of these experimental data have quantified the long time behavior of concrete lining through the analysis of stress and strain measurements.The second level of complexity integrates the L&K viscoplastic model into a numerical model. In order to study more precisely the amplitude of these phenomena, their effects can depend on the method of construction, we have defined two reference cases. These two cases correspond to the two configurations most commonly encountered in underground structures: the first is a gallery excavated in a traditional way with a horseshoe section, the second one is a tunnel with a circular section dug with a TBM. A sensitivity study of the parameters of the numerical model, and of the L&K model was performed to determine the possible range of variation of the concrete lining stress velocity parameter.Finally, the third level of complexity integrates a concrete model coupling the mechanical model to the effects of hydration and drying of the concrete. An analysis of these phenomena will be performed on samples through creep tests in the numerical model, then the model will be integrated into one of the reference cases. This will provide a better estimation of the effect of concrete lining creep, which appears to be the most noticeable effect on concrete lining stress evolution.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 14, 2020 - 12:24:07 PM
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Valentin Martyniak. Etude du comportement différé des revêtements dans les galeries souterraines. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALI012⟩. ⟨tel-02573431⟩



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