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Saint-Riquier (VIIe-XIe siècles) : histoire, mémoire, hagiographie

Abstract : Traditionally, it is said that the abbey of Saint-Riquier, near Abbeville, in the Somme department, was founded around 625 by Riquier, a layman converted to religious life (who died around 645). We know the history of this abbey until around 1100 thanks to the chronicle written by the monk Hariulf. The latter, born in Ponthieu around 1060, entered Saint-Riquier as a child and stayed as a monk there until 1105. That year, he became abbot of Saint-Peter of Oudenburg, near Ostend. The original manuscript of Hariulf’s chronicle disappeared in the fire of the abbey of Saint-Riquier in 1719. By chance, copies had been made in the 17th century. The reference edition is that of Ferdinand Lot in 1894. In addition to the event-informations that it relates, the value of this chronicle lies in the charters that Hariulf copied in it and which make that it can be likened to a chronicle, to gesta abbatum and to a cartulary at the same time. Although Hariulf's chronicle has long been used as a source of information about the history of Picardy, it has never been studied for itself as a literary, historical, memorial and hagiographic work written, with all his subjectivity, by a monk of the abbey of Saint-Riquier. The purpose of this thesis is therefore to study this chronicle in detail in order to answer these three questions : why did Hariulf write this chronicle ? How did he proceed concretely ? How did he reconstruct the history of his abbey ? This study, at the juncture between history, memory and hagiography, requires a thorough analysis of the form and content of Hariulf's chronicle. Regarding the form, we are interested in what could be called "the historian's studio", which means Hariulf's working method : what were his sources ? How did he use them ? How did he fill the gaps in his documentation ? What did he choose to ignore and why ? Regarding the content, we are interested in the main themes appearing in Hariulf’s chronicle : the history of the abbey, the succession of the abbots, the saints who were honored, the relations with lay powers (especially the counts of Ponthieu) and ecclesiastical powers (especially the bishops of Amiens), the evolution of the property of the abbey, etc. Ultimately, the aim is to highlight the functioning of Hariulf's thought as well as his interests and concerns in order to better understand the reasons and modalities of the writing of his chronicle.
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Thomas Ledru. Saint-Riquier (VIIe-XIe siècles) : histoire, mémoire, hagiographie. Histoire. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H062⟩. ⟨tel-02563091⟩

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