Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Évaluation des profils de consommation alimentaire et statut nutritionnel des populations de la Région du Centre-Ouest du Burkina Faso

Abstract : In Burkina Faso, the food situation and nutritional status of populations are characterized by a stark contrast between very often satisfactory cereal supplies and a high prevalence of child undernutrition. In order to help generate data to determine the nutritional adequacy and relationships between certain diseases and nutritional intakes, we have assessed, on the one hand, the quality of household, women and children food consumption including their determinants according to agricultural periods, and on the other hand, the nutritional status of couples mother-newborn. The study concerned 985; 930; 936 households respectively during mitigation, welding, and increase in the four provinces of the region. A total of 971; 930; 936 women of childbearing age were included respectively in the period of mitigation, welding and increase. The children aged 6 to 59 months were 608; 728; 591 respectively during mitigation, welding and increase. The total of the mother/newborn couples selected for the nutritional status study was 1115. The seven-day and 24-hour recalls were the reference periods for collecting data respectively on household and individual (women and children) food consumption. The anthropometric parameters of mother/newborn couples were used to determine their nutritional status. The household food consumption score (FCS) was calculated using the WFP methodology. For the dietary diversity score of children aged 6 to 23 months and 24 to 59 months, respectively, the WHO and FAO methods were used. Food consumption profiles were assessed by analyzing food subgroups or groups consumed by at least 50% of households or individuals for each household food consumption or dietary diversity class based on the method proposed by FAO. The dependent variables being household food consumption, individual dietary diversity and low birth weight, logistical regression analyses were carried out to identify the factors that were related. As for household food consumption, the cereal and derivatives group was the most consumed during all the periods. Consumption of the eight food groups varied significantly between periods of the year except for the milk group and dairy products that were poorly consumed throughout the year. In women of childbearing age and children aged 6 to 59 months, eggs, meats, carotenoid-rich fruits, and dark green leafy vegetables were more consumed during the welding period compared to other agricultural periods. White tubers, roots and plantains and other fruits were more commonly consumed during the increase in women and children aged 6 to 59 months. The average household food consumption score was 28.6; 34.9 and 38.2 respectively during the period of welding, increase, and mitigation. The province of origin, the number of sources of income and the number of livestock were associated with household food insecurity regardless of the agricultural period. The average dietary diversity score for women ranged from 6.48; 5.47 and 4.84 out of 10, respectively during mitigation, welding, and increase. Children aged 6 to 23 months ranged from 4.84; 4.45 and 4.38 out of 7, respectively during increase, mitigation and welding. The average dietary diversity score for children aged 24 to 59 months ranged from 5.53; 5.33 and 5.12 out of 9, respectively during the period of welding, mitigation and increase. In terms of food consumption profiles, the consumption of fish, oil or fat and fruit allowed households with an acceptable food consumption score to make a difference regardless of the agricultural period compared to those with low and limit food consumption scores. In the period of increase, the diet of women with low and minimal dietary diversity was the same. In periods of mitigation and welding, the diet of children aged 24 to 59 months with low and high dietary diversity was the same. In periods of mitigation and increase, the diet of children aged 6 to 23 months with low and minimum food diversity was the same. The nutritional status assessment showed that 20% of newborns had microcephaly and 11.1% were underweight at birth. Among mothers, 14% were undernourished on the basis of mid up arm circumference and body mass index. The nutritional status of the mother before pregnancy, the weight of the mother during the last NPC, the province of origin, the sex and the cranial girth of the newborn were associated with low birth weight. Specific and nutrition-sensitive multi-sector interventions should be initiated or strengthened to improve country indicators for achieving the SDGs in 2030.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [387 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02560822
Contributor : Ousmane Ouedraogo <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 2, 2020 - 4:46:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:00:44 AM

File

Thèse Ousmane OUEDRAOGO LABIO...
Files produced by the author(s)

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02560822, version 1

Collections

Citation

Ousmane Ouédraogo. Évaluation des profils de consommation alimentaire et statut nutritionnel des populations de la Région du Centre-Ouest du Burkina Faso. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso), 2020. Français. ⟨tel-02560822⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

356

Files downloads

511