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Optimization in cognitive radio systems with successive interference cancellation and relaying

Abstract : Cognitive Radio (CR) is a promising technique for efficient spectrum utilization. The CR technology permits an unlicensed user called Secondary User (SU) to coexist with the licensed user called Primary User (PU) without degrading his performance. In a CR system, the SU has the ability to sense and adapt to his environment in order to detect possible frequency holes in the wireless spectrum and transmit in it under some constraints so as to increase the total data rate. Besides, resource allocation in CR systems is one of the most common studied scenarios especially for multi-carrier transmissions, with the aim to maximize the system throughput.In this thesis, we investigate the resource allocation problem for an uplink multi-user underlay CR system where the SU is allowed to coexist with the PU provided that the interference caused to the PU is below a predefined threshold. We apply two decoding techniques, Successive Interference Cancellation (SIC) and Superposition Coding (SC), at the SU in order to maximize the secondary rate. In a first step, the single-user scenario is studied, assuming perfect channel state information (CSI) at the SU. We evaluate the performance of the system by proposing an adaptive decoding algorithm where the SU can either treat the interference as noise or perform SIC or SC. We investigate the power allocation problem taking into account the power budget and the interference threshold constraints. A general solution for the power optimization problem in an uplink underlay CR system is proposed. Both theoretical analysis and simulation results show that the proposed algorithm achieves higher sum rate than classical algorithms, providing high-enough data rates for the secondary system at the expense of a very low degradation of the primary system's rate.Then, the secondary multi-user scenario is investigated, where multiple users are allowed to exist in the secondary cell. Power and subcarrier allocation problems are detailed in order to maximize the secondary rate. We highlight the benefits of the proposed multi-user adaptive algorithm which encompasses three phases. The first step includes the adaptive selection of the decoding strategy at the secondary receiver. The second step describes the subcarrier allocation among the different users. Finally, the third step details the optimal distribution of the available power budget on the users.However, perfect channel knowledge requires perfect channel measurements at the receiver and a perfect feedback link to send this channel information to the transmitter, which may be impractical to implement. Thus, we also study the single-user scenario assuming that only statistical CSI of channel gains between the primary transmitter and both primary and secondary receivers is available at the SU. We detail the analytical expressions for the outage probabilities and then we solve the non-convex optimization problem using a sequential approximation algorithm. simulations show that the proposed algorithm is efficient and robust with statistical CSI. This work can be easily extended to the multi-user case.Finally, we propose a new system model where the secondary receiver acts as a Full-Duplex (FD) relay node in order to maximize the primary rate and thus the total system rate. The proposed scenario is first studied for single-carrier modulation scheme for both Amplify-and-Forward (AF) and Decode-and-Forward (DF) relaying protocols. The constraints to apply SIC and to relay are determined and the new achievable rates are specified such that the relay node relays whenever the new achievable rate is better than the one achieved without relying. Furthermore, the performance of the DF relaying scheme in the FD mode is evaluated for multi-carrier modulation. The performance of the proposed system model is evaluated via simulations and an important improvement of the primary achievable rate and thus of the total system rate is shown.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02560557
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 2, 2020 - 1:08:33 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 3, 2020 - 1:14:06 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02560557, version 1

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Marwa Chami. Optimization in cognitive radio systems with successive interference cancellation and relaying. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016CNAM1050⟩. ⟨tel-02560557⟩

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