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Caractérisation géophysique (méthodes potentielles, imagerie sismique) de structures géologiques : des terranes panafricains de la chaine trans-saharienne, aux vallées-tunnel et incisions glaciaires de la Mer du Nord et d'Algérie

Abstract : The magnetic and gravimetric data analysis of the northern part of the trans-saharan belt allowed to propose a geophysical and rheological compartmentalization map of its crustal structures and to visualize the Tuareg shield terranes over 1000 km to the north, under the saharan sedimentary basins and several aspects have been discussed. A pseudo network of four successive generations of paleovalleys and incisions has been identified on the upper Ordovician glacial succession in the north-eastern part of the Illizi basin on the basis of high-resolution seismic data. For each incision, the geometry and seismic facies of their filling have been determined. Parallelism between the distribution of some paleovalleys and magnetic anomaly orientations has been observed, but no stratigraphic relationship between them has been identified on seismic sections. A complex network of Pleistocene glacial tunnel valleys in the North Sea has been identified on the basis of high-resolution aeromagnetic data. A detailed magnetic analysis was performed by combining several magnetic methods. Finally, 2D synthetic magnetic models were calculated for Ordovician incisions, applied in the case of the Illizi basin. The results obtained show that their magnetic detection is possible, if a high-resolution magnetic survey would still be available.
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Sonia Brahimi. Caractérisation géophysique (méthodes potentielles, imagerie sismique) de structures géologiques : des terranes panafricains de la chaine trans-saharienne, aux vallées-tunnel et incisions glaciaires de la Mer du Nord et d'Algérie. Géophysique [physics.geo-ph]. Université de Strasbourg, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019STRAH005⟩. ⟨tel-02560541⟩

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