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Entre le livre et la lampe ˸ représentations et usages de l'érudition chez Pierre Michon, W.G. Sebald et Antonio Tabucchi

Abstract : Beginning with the fantastic relation with knowledge highlighted by Michel Foucault regarding Gustave Flaubert’s literary work, we would like to bend over the contemporary modalities of the relations between knowledge and literary writers, and try to precisely characterize theses relations in contemporary European literature, basing our work on the examples of Pierre Michon, W.G. Sebald and Antonio Tabucchi. A pragmatic definition of knowledge helps us to begin with a study of the representations of erudition in the fiction, focusing upon various characters, who play an intermediary role in the production, transmission or diffusion of knowledge. If on one hand they operate as figures of erudition, ideals representations of effective knowledge, these characters on the other hand carry with them some critics of the established knowledges and the hierarchy that are associated with them. The places associated with knowledge, libraries or museums, are also studied in this polemic approach. The second part of our work studies the uses of knowledge done by the writers chosen, giving some elements for a poetic study of the contemporary literary texts that are written in a relation with knowledge. Their secondary writing, built on a wide variety of texts, assimilates various knowledges. We study successively the diverse modalities of the uses of the words reported, by the relation between the literary text and the orality, the quotations, or the presences of foreign languages, to highlight the original uses of knowledge done by our writers. Opposing a postmodern use of erudition, emerges an anxious and restless erudition, concerned by the sharing of meaning and the community it constitutes.
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Victor Toubert. Entre le livre et la lampe ˸ représentations et usages de l'érudition chez Pierre Michon, W.G. Sebald et Antonio Tabucchi. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019USPCA030⟩. ⟨tel-02558924⟩

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