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L’accès au logement des jeunes adultes à Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) : pratiques et stratégies résidentielles

Abstract : Understanding the different residential practices and strategies of young adults is the objective of this study. The analysis focused on young adults (18-40 years old), the size of the active population and the difficult housing, in a logic of parental decohabitation, quest for autonomy and emancipation.To better understand this issue, a methodological approach, it was necessary to do a literature search, database, "Ouaga 2009", and to prepare for the different neighborhoods of the city of Ouagadougou. The state of the art and the regulatory framework and the housing market in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, have been highlighted. She made a contextual analysis based on datafrom the "Ouaga 2009" study. Then she analyzes the influence of the family and the entourage in the residential choice and the quest for residential autonomy. Residential strategies and trajectories as well as the current and future lifestyles of young adults from the neighborhood and housing are the topics discussed.The results of the research were carried out according to the process of decohabitation of the young people or were specified by age and more simply by marriage, by the evolution of the family relations, by the studies and the entry into the active life. He needs money to cope with the burdens that come with it. The majority of young people live in two-room dwellings. It appears that networks and the social network play an important role in determining the residential trajectories of young adults, including access to autonomy. Four standard trajectories in access to housing for young adults have been retained. This is the passage through the non-loti (whether or not it leads to housing in the loti sector), the use of real estate developers, self-construction or recourse to the state, through social housing. Non-loti and self-construction are the most developed strategies. Two main typologies of trajectory were identified in the study, these are activity-related trajectories and directional trajectories (center to the periphery). Concerning the forms of appropriation of housing, we were interested in the interior decoration of the living rooms. We have distinguished four types of decorations: religious, family, youthful and mixed decorations. The practice of neighborhood space near housing is strongly linked to social or religious events, work, entertainment and various purchases. The preferred means of movement to travel from the housing remains the motorcycle
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Seydou Séré. L’accès au logement des jeunes adultes à Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) : pratiques et stratégies résidentielles. Géographie. Université Rennes 2; Université de Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso), 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20023⟩. ⟨tel-02553225v2⟩

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