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Propriétés barrières de films de polycarbonate modifiés par plasma froid, par dispersion de charges et par mélanges de polymères.

Abstract : The aim of the present thesis is to improve the barrier properties of polycarbonate (PC), a stiff and transparent polymer used in automotive industry as material for car headlights. PC represents a place of transfer of gas molecules and vapors coming from inside and/or outside the optics and also of migration of small species (monomers, additives) within the material itself. These phenomena often lead to a loss of the PC transparency, especially with the LED technology which does not allow the condensation dissipation. In order to overcome this limitation, three different approaches allowing the increase of materials transfer resistance were chosen. The first approach consists in the cold plasma surface treatment in order to obtain a barrier organosilicon layer on the PC substrate. This layer is obtained using a mixture of oxygen with an organosilicon precursor : hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO), 2,4,6,8-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane (TMCTS) or triethoxyfluorosilane (TEOFS). The other approaches focused on the incorporation of fillers and polymer blends permit the elaboration of micro/nano-composites of PC/mica, PC/poly(m-xylene adipamide) (MXD6) polymer blends and charged PC/MXD6/mica blends. These films were prepared using a double-screw extruder equipped with mix elements allowing the improvement of the quality and dispersion of the blend. The physico-chemical characterization of the obtained materials highlights the structure/morphology/properties relationship. The plasma deposition allows an increase of the PC thermal resistance as well as its barrier properties toward water and especially gas (N₂, O₂ and CO₂). The efficiency of the plasma treatment toward water molecules strongly depends on the layer hydrophilicity and density. PC/mica composites elaborated with mix elements are found to be more barrier toward water than toward gas, while PC/MXD6 blends are more efficient toward gas than water. Thus, the addition of low mica contents in the PC/MXD6 blend allowed to further increase the water resistance of the blend by trapping effect, while maintaining its high barrier properties toward gas. In addition, an increase of the PC thermal stability and a presevation of the transparency of PC/mica, PC/MXD6 and PC/MXD6/mica films were revealed using mix elements.
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Bassidi Diawara. Propriétés barrières de films de polycarbonate modifiés par plasma froid, par dispersion de charges et par mélanges de polymères.. Polymères. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR057⟩. ⟨tel-02550127v2⟩

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