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Les maîtres du fer : des ouvriers métallurgistes de Bhopal et de leur confrontation avec l'incertitude

Abstract : This doctoral thesis starts with the study of the social space of two groups of metalworkers in Bhopal. The first one is made of Muslim inhabitants of the polluted neighborhoods which have been contaminated following the 1984 industrial disaster who work in the Old City’s metal workshops. The other one in made of a majority of Hindus coming from the rural hinterland, sometimes from distant villages, and hired in the flyover construction yards in and around Bhopal. Both are working in the informal sector, and experiment uncertain conditions of employment. By exploring their relationships outside of work it describes the way their social relations and their collective representations are constructing themselves. It also shows how the confronting with uncertainty and their relationship to work are interacting with these social constructs. It shifts then its focus to the relationships on the shop floor, the nature of the labour and domination relationships and it shows that the workers have many margins of negotiation, in spite of an important resurgence of paternalistic structures combined with weak empirical protections. Then, the thesis makes an ethnography of the techniques and the body commitment involved in the labour process in order to unveil ideologies of labour which constitute the core of a value system which allows to legitimate the hierarchical positions but also to contest it, and allows a social mobility based on skills. But this system is also threatened by the uncertainty of these cultures of mètis in a technological environment which experiments a deep technological mutation and a social context where the valorization of the academic education becomes more and more hegemonic.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 15, 2020 - 5:01:26 PM
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Arnaud Kaba. Les maîtres du fer : des ouvriers métallurgistes de Bhopal et de leur confrontation avec l'incertitude. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02543867⟩



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