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Détermination du rôle des neurones corticospinaux dans le déclenchement et la progression de la sclérose latérale amyotrophique chez les souris Sod1G86R

Abstract : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease characterized by progressive and combined degeneration of corticospinal neurons (CSN) and bulbar and spinal motoneurons (MN). Studies in patients suggest a cortical origin and a corticofugal spread of the pathology. However, this hypothesis has never been demonstrated in ALS patients nor tested in mouse models. The work of this thesis allowed to test the role of subcerebral projection neurons (SCPN) in the onset and progression of ALS in Sod1G86R mice. To do so, we generated a new mouse model developing ALS in the absence of SCPN. Results show that the absence of SCPN delays the onset of the pathology, prolongs the survival of the animals, while reducing the decline of their motor abilities. These data suggest that the absence of SCPN is beneficial and that, in an ALS context, SCPN would be toxic and have a preponderant role in the onset and establishment of the pathology. This work shows the importance of including the CSN study for the development of future therapeutic strategies.
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Thibaut Burg. Détermination du rôle des neurones corticospinaux dans le déclenchement et la progression de la sclérose latérale amyotrophique chez les souris Sod1G86R. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université de Strasbourg, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019STRAJ046⟩. ⟨tel-02539135⟩

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