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Culture de l'information, culture de l'image et culture par l'image dans l'enseignement secondaire

Abstract : Image literacy is part of the school curriculum; it is shared teaching with no official instructions, no referent teacher and no recognition of a specific culture which would allow the pupils to acquire skills and become enlightened actors of our society where image is pervasive. So there is a need to define and build this culture of the image by rooting it in a more recognized information culture attached to a specific school subject and its scientific input. To meet this need, I studied in-depth the official instructions of the Ministry of Education, led surveys and interviews with pupils and teachers to grasp their representations and practices. The concept of image is a broad one, so I focused on the photographic image which is paradoxical: it is extensively used by the pupils in their sociability (eg.selfies) and in the media (magazines, the internet), but at the same time it is very little used by the teachers to build knowledge and even often as mere illustrations in the school books. The consequence is the inability of the pupils to decode and decipher a photograph. At this stage I called upon a third partner - professional photographers. Only they can properly explain the three layers of a photography: its technicity, its aesthetics and its significance. The product of this research work: a collection of existing resources, new pedagogical tools (a lexicon, and a corpus of images chosen for their potential to educate), methods using games, which I was able to experiment with a group of Terminales. The final outcome is a list of the skills to develop throughout the educational path and a whole new triangular mediation: documentary, photographic, and inside the school framework.
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Bénédicte Langlois. Culture de l'information, culture de l'image et culture par l'image dans l'enseignement secondaire. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019MON30032⟩. ⟨tel-02538816⟩

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