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Exploration of the molecular determinants involved in alternansucrase specificity and stability

Abstract : The alternansucrase (ASR) from Leuconostoc citreum NRRL B-1355 is a glucansucrase belonging to the family 70 of glycoside hydrolases (GH70). This α-transglucosylase uses a cheap and abundant molecule, sucrose, to catalyze the formation of a unique α-glucan polymer made of alternating α-1,6 and α-1,3 linkages in the main chain, called alternan. With a 45°C optimum temperature, ASR is among the most stable glucansucrases to date. To get a deeper insight in ASR determinants involved in linkage specificity, polymerization and stability, we have solved the unliganded 3D structure of this enzyme at 2.8 Å. Coupled to mutagenesis and molecular docking, our results suggest the alternance to be governed by the acceptor positioning in either +2 or +2’ subsite, and the key contributions of Trp675 or Asp772 residue, respectively. Complexes of ASR with various sugar ligands were also obtained and highlighted a site never identified in any other GH70 enzymes. This site is uniquely found in alternansucrase and could act as a bridge between the domain V and the active site facilitating alternan processive elongation. Finally, the construction and characterization of chimera enzymes suggested domain C to be involved in enzyme stability. Overall, our results improved our knowledge on the structure-function relationship of ASR and open new paths for the conception of polymers with controlled structures and physicochemical properties
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 12:02:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02538227, version 1

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Manon Molina. Exploration of the molecular determinants involved in alternansucrase specificity and stability. Biomolecules [q-bio.BM]. INSA de Toulouse, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019ISAT0010⟩. ⟨tel-02538227⟩

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