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Des métropolisations en concurrence : le développement des périphéries urbaines de la région de Hô Minh Ville (Vietnam) sous l'effet de la création de zones industrielles

Abstract : Since the Đôi Moi (Renovation) reforms initiated in 1986, the Hô Chi Minh City region plays a fundamental role in the economic development of Vietnam. Owning one-third of Vietnam’s industrial parks, the four most developed provinces of Hô Chi Minh City, Binh Duong, Đông Nai and Ba Ria Vung Tau form the largest urban-industrial pole in the south of Vietnam. Under the effects of the globalized industrialization, the suburban areas of the Hô Chi Minh City region are rapidly transforming, from the construction of multiples real estates projects and new cities to the development of new regional infrastructures. This thesis aims to decipher the synergy between industrialization, spontaneous urbanization and mega urban projects, as well as the interdependent relationship between localities and between different stakeholders. From local authorities to private real-estate developers, stakeholders adopt new negotiation methods and breaking-fence tactics, which leads to the creation of multiples public-private alliances in urban-industrial development. Contributing to the creation of new development pole, the metropolization intensified the competition between emerging provinces and Hô Chi Minh City, which reinforces the polycentric trend of regional construction. If the diversified metropolitan strategies adopted by the provincial authorities commonly lead to landscape transformation and functional redeployment, the competition between Hô Chi Minh City and the neighboring provinces generates multiples territorial fragmentation, socio-economic inequalities and environmental problems.
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Khac Minh Tran. Des métropolisations en concurrence : le développement des périphéries urbaines de la région de Hô Minh Ville (Vietnam) sous l'effet de la création de zones industrielles. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01H102⟩. ⟨tel-02530103⟩

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