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Le Banditisme rural en Algérie à la période coloniale (1871 - années 1920)

Abstract : Rural banditry in Algeria during the colonial period is a significant social phenomenon and is a gateway to understand social relations in rural and colonial situations.The process of land dispossession and the questioning of user rights in forest areas fuel rural conflicts. Banditry is an exacerbated expression of these conflicts. Bandits are defined by the state who set the areas of the law and those of the outlaw. The phenomenon preoccupies the administration constantly, but the degree of anxiety varies depending on political situations. In 1890s for example, the autorities consider as a fact threatening its domination. This perceived resistance gives rise to a repressive reaction. This reaction faces difficulties and even a hostility emaning from rural society.The intervention of the armed force may be the ultimate outcome of episodes of banditry even if the repressive repertoire implemented shows a great diversity. Banditry is going through a period of peak with the First World War. The unpopularity of conscription favors insubordination and desertion, which in turn feed gangs of bandits. This activity worries the autority, anxious about potential revolts. These are realized besides in favor of the autumn 1916 in the Belezma. A strong interaction is expressed between bandits and insurgents, the first playing a leading role in this episode.
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Antonin Plarier. Le Banditisme rural en Algérie à la période coloniale (1871 - années 1920). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01H019⟩. ⟨tel-02529019⟩

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