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Theses

Conception de sources optoélectroniques transitoires à formes d'ondes maitrisées

Abstract : The work developed in this thesis focuses on two main applications : the generation of signals dedicated to electromagnetic susceptibility tests and the shaping of transient signals applied to spectral shaping for impulse radars. For susceptibility tests, damped sinusoidal signals of a few kilovolts, with frequencies ranging from 20 MHz to 200 MHz, with quality factors between 8 and 12 are considered. In the case of spectral shaping, the generation of several transient signals makes it possible to reproduce an ultrawideband spectrum (300 MHz - 3 GHz) on which frequencies considered undesirable have been rejected.To form the signals useful for these two applications, innovative optoelectronic generators have been developed, the triggering of the signals being controlled by the illumination of photoconductors. The use of photoconductors illuminated by a laser beam generates short pulses (from a few nanoseconds to several hundred nanoseconds) of high voltage (a few kilovolts) with a very low jitter (a few picoseconds).This technique makes it possible to use multiple sources whose signals can be synchronized with each other. A study of the functioning and characterization of photoconductors has been carried out for the optimization of the optoelectronic generators developed. For each application, the designed experimental system is presented.
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Gwenaël Reineix. Conception de sources optoélectroniques transitoires à formes d'ondes maitrisées. Electronique. Université de Limoges, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LIMO0011⟩. ⟨tel-02528959⟩

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