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Usages desTIC dans le cadre des apprentissages à l'université au Togo : étude exploratoire auprès des étudiants de licence et master de l'Université catholique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest : Unité universitaire technologique à Lomé

Abstract : Our thesis sought to find out how students use ICT as part of their university learning activities at UCAO-Togo. This research which an investigation of ways in which undergraduates and master’s students was use ICT in their school activities brought up questions about the relationship between the factors leading to ICT use and the different academic or educational uses. Our thesis focused on three main themes: 1. The use of ICT in relation to university learning activities; 2. The implication of the perceived use of ICT involved in the use of ICT in the context of learning; 3. Academic or educational uses favoured by the organisational context (training, discipline). Data analysis of enquiries carried out via questionnaires and interviews highlighted the existence of different academic uses of ICT. The study briefly recalled the theoretical elements used in researches on the use of ICT. The theoretical framework of our study was inspired on the one hand by the reminder of the notions of Rabardel’s (1995) instrumentalisation and instrumentation and Léontiev’s (1979) theory of instrumented activity on the other hand. We focused on the consumption of ICT as regards interactions between ICT and students, among students themselves through ICT and then between students and teachers through ICT. A review of Piaget’s (1975) theory of learning and constructivism which covers assimilation and accommodation which we associated with learning using Rabardel’s (1995) instrumental theory supported our theoretical framework. A cognitive approach in order to acquire some motor skills facilitating the use of ICT in learning allowed us to also recall the notion of cognitivism in university instrumented learning activities. This study was carried out through data construction methods such as a questionnaire to students and to the management of UCAO-Togo; an interview with undergraduates and master’s students. Data analyses enabled us to explore the different uses of ICT and analyse the relationship between ICT use and all it entails, and university learning activities. The results of our research revealed that the use of ICT is important in university studies due to its practicability, its facilitating role and its status as a knowledge base. In addition, we observed that the perceived relevance of ICT use in terms of organising (training in ICT usage and discipline) leads to students using ICT for their academic work.Given the place of ICT in academics, undergraduates are in favour of a mandatory use of ICT in learning activities in order to increase their intellectual capacity. While master’s students recommend that ICT be used more in academics on the one hand, and that they be trained in ICT usage to enable them benefit more from university learning activities.
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Yao Dayo. Usages desTIC dans le cadre des apprentissages à l'université au Togo : étude exploratoire auprès des étudiants de licence et master de l'Université catholique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest : Unité universitaire technologique à Lomé. Education. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2110⟩. ⟨tel-02528440⟩

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