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De l'(in)acceptabilité à l'appropriation sociale et pratique d'un nouveau transport collectif en milieu urbain : le transport aérien par câble : mise en perspective internationale France - Italie - Etats-Unis - Colombie

Abstract : Aerial cable technology is developing in our cities as public transit. Namely mentioned in the Grenelle de l'Environnement as soon as 2007 as an alternative to all carbon transport modes, cable cars, which are already showing substantial progress in France, aim to be a potential link in sustainable mobility. The success achieved in Latin America over the past ten years enables us today to observe the impacts, both positive and negative, and the "strategies" of social acceptability expressed. The ingenious nature of this type of transport in French urban areas has generated the need to study the perceptions and representations of the actors concerned in order to deduce their level of acceptance: this is the subject of this thesis. It also seemed relevant to evaluate the subsequent social acceptance of this type of infrastructure in order to analyze its representations and uses. Through qualitative and quantitative surveys, this thesis aims to study three urban cable cars in service in New York, Bolzano and Medellín, as well as the propensity for it to be used in the Ile-de-France region.The international perspective has made it possible, to some extent, to highlight the correlations between the different installations, the importance of the history of each territory and the need for the involvement and social recognition of the inhabitants. An in-depth analysis of the representations and claims regarding cable air transport reveals very strong similarities with those observed for other types of transportation constructions. This has led us to question more the design of integrated urban projects than the object itself. Therefore, this work, carried out within the framework of this thesis but also within the framework of a research and development project led by the I2TC consortium, bringing together industrial, academic and scientific actors, offers several key elements to support future project leaders in the design and implementation of projects true to the representations and needs of the actors concerned.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 31, 2020 - 11:14:08 AM
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Delphine Giney. De l'(in)acceptabilité à l'appropriation sociale et pratique d'un nouveau transport collectif en milieu urbain : le transport aérien par câble : mise en perspective internationale France - Italie - Etats-Unis - Colombie. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01H060⟩. ⟨tel-02525875⟩

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