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Déploiement des ordinateurs XO et démarche du travail documentaire au sein d’une communauté d’enseignants de l’école d’Angalé au Cameroun

Abstract : Our thesis is on the mechanism used by the teachers of the pilot project to improve the quality of basic education (PAQUEB) in Cameroon to ease the tension engendered by the introduction of the XO computers in their schools. In a systematic manner, our study analyses the emergence of a community of practice in the practising school of Angalé and the process of generating digital resources in this community (Wenger, 1998, Rabardel, 1995, Gueudet et Trouche, 2008).The analysis of the activity of producing digital resources in a community context, by people who do not possess the required competence in this field of using XO computers in class, is a complex operation. Our research work sheds light on the manner in which community work can enable teachers to develop technopedagogic skills by learning from their peers in a context where singular initial and in-service training have weakness.In order to carry out our study, we have used the didacitic documentary approach in a community context (Gueudet et Trouche, 2008). In order to realize our study, we have proposed an immersion in the universe of the practising school of Angalé in Ebolowa, South of Cameroon. We have also shed light on the community and individual processes of generating digital resources in a community of teachers who have successfully set up an in-service training scheme of a particular type. Our research approach is based on tools proposed in the procedure of the scientific committee’s analysis of the teacher’s activity. The complexity of this phenomenon has made us choose a systematic approach to tackle the phenomenon observed. In a duration of nearly three consecutive years, we have observed the teachers of Angalé generating digital resources as individuals and as a community. This observation has enabled us to take note of the evolutions in the professional development of teachers in a cooperative learning process within the framework of a practice community which integrates a technopedagogic innovation into practices. We have also demonstrated the link between participation and reification in the process of community documentary work, the dynamics of instrumentation and instrumentalisation process among teachers who are learning to build and produce digital documents.Keywords: XO computers, document generation community of practice, digital resources, in-service training, professional development, primary school, documentary system, tool systems, families of activities, class situations, singular situations.
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Thomas Ella Ondoua. Déploiement des ordinateurs XO et démarche du travail documentaire au sein d’une communauté d’enseignants de l’école d’Angalé au Cameroun. Education. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CERG1005⟩. ⟨tel-02524652⟩

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