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Intégration de couches hybrides de base sol-gel dans les architectures de passivation de dispositifs OLED

Abstract : Due of the ongoing growth of smartphones and TVs displays markets, the application of OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) technology for displays has become a major center of interest. The materials and substrates used in such architectures allow to develop lightweight, compact and even foldable displays, demonstrating an excellent image quality and fast refresh rates. Currently, the technological drawbacks restricting the exploitation on industrial scale mainly concern the lifespan of the devices. First, materials used in OLED architecture are highly sensitive to moisture and oxygen ingress and require a high barrier encapsulation. In addition, a specific protection needs to be included to secure the device from mechanical failures. As so various options from glass lids to flexible barriers are likely to be considered depending on the intended use. This work deals with the production of OLED microdisplays deposited on silicon substrates, and aims to develop an alternative packaging solution, based on organic-inorganic nanocomposite layers, both on top and embedded into the multi-barrier passivation architecture previously developed at the CEA-LETI. Synergistic properties can be obtained from composite materials, enhancing the advantages of both the organic (flexibility, processability) and inorganic phase (barrier properties, mechanical and chemical resistance). As a high control on the morphology in required, the sol-gel process was therefore selected for its versatility. Several composite materials were designed. One selected formulation, based on silica nanoparticles dispersed in a polymer matrix, proved to be fully compatible with the monolithic encapsulation of OLED circuits, including, among other properties, the recovery of the electrical bonding. Passivation architectures using the composite as interface layer showed improved barrier properties as well as an enhanced durability of devices stored in warm and damp environment. Obviously, a thin hard-coat layer does not equal a glass lid in terms of mechanical resistance, yet our formulation provided a sufficient protection during the overall process and handling of the displays. The main advantages of this alternative packaging rely on the reduced thickness, increasing the contrast by minimizing the loss of luminous efficacy through guided mode and offering the prospect of flexible substrate manufacturing.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 30, 2020 - 12:39:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02524505, version 1

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STAR | CEA | DRT | LETI | CEA-GRE

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Marion Provost. Intégration de couches hybrides de base sol-gel dans les architectures de passivation de dispositifs OLED. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAT056⟩. ⟨tel-02524505⟩

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