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Étude des interactions entre dynamiques d'innovation et qualité de l'emploi : une relation déterminante au cœur des mutations du travail à l'œuvre au sein de l'Union Européenne

Abstract : This thesis investigates the relationships between innovation and job quality. Innovation is considered to be the main driver of economic growth, but technological change leads to significant mutations of employment and labor. As such, innovation represents a key concern for recommendations made by public authorities and international organizations. The multiple effects of innovation have raised new questions, since the recent period has been characterized by an intensification of innovation dynamics –specifically, the emergence of new technological cycles. This thesis adopts an empirical perspective, while relying on a theoretical framework inspired by the institutionalist and evolutionary approach. Job quality is considered from a multidimensional perspective, including working conditions, working hours and working duration, contractual quality, and wages. Similarly, innovation is analyzed in its complexity, in order to highlight the heterogeneous effects of innovation depending on the considered forms (strategy, type of innovation, degree of disruption, degree of novelty, etc.). This work provides additional support to a specialized and specific scholarship (within economics) that focuses on the relationship between innovation and job quality. While ascertaining that some innovations have direct positive effects on job quality, this thesis shows that indirect effects –as well as some forms of diffusion of innovation–deteriorate the contractual quality of jobs and working conditions. Moreover, innovation – whatever its form might be – is often associated with better contractual conditions (wage, stability), but also leads to an increase in working intensity and demands for employees.This thesis makes a key recommendation, in the context of intensified innovation dynamics and knowledge – based economic model – however, we also call for further work and improved data availability. In order to avoid the polarization of working conditions and the rise of inequalities, it is necessary to adapt redistribution and regulatory systems so that they would cope with the negative indirect effects of the diffusion of innovations, which cannot be fully addressed by current institutions.
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Malo Mofakhami. Étude des interactions entre dynamiques d'innovation et qualité de l'emploi : une relation déterminante au cœur des mutations du travail à l'œuvre au sein de l'Union Européenne. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01E054⟩. ⟨tel-02524349⟩

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