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Développement d'un imageur gamma hybride pour les applications de l'industrie nucléaire

Abstract : Gamma imaging is a technique that allows the spatial localization of radioactive sources. The various applications of this technique cover decommissioning phases of nuclear facilities, nuclear waste management applications, but also radiation protection or Homeland Security. Using gamma camera reduces the dose received by operators and consequently contributes to the respect of the ALARA principle. There are two imaging techniques for the localization of gamma ray emitters: coded aperture imaging and Compton imaging. Coded aperture imaging relies on the spatial modulation of the incident gamma-ray flux by a multi-hole collimator placed between the detector and the radioactive source. It has the advantage of being extremely efficient for « low energy » gamma-ray emitters in terms of sensitivity and angular resolution. On the other hand, Compton imaging is based of the Compton scattering kinematic. The energy deposited during the scattering process will determine the scattering angle, and the positions of the interactions will determine the direction of the incoming gamma-ray. The position of the radioactive source can thus be limited to a cone. If several cones are used, then, the position where the greatest number of cones overlap corresponds to the position of the radioactive source. One limitations of this technique concerns the location of « low energy » gamma-ray emitters, for which the angular resolution is strongly degraded until it is completely not localizable. The objective of this work is to develop a prototype of hybrid imager that combines coded aperture and Compton imaging techniques in order to take advantage of each type of imaging. The different studies carried out, around the Timepix3 pixel detector, but also in the development of mathematical algorithms, have led to propose two prototypes of hybrid imager. The results obtained from this research work made it possible to validate experimentally the performance of one of the imager prototypes, and to illustrate the interest of a hybrid system.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02522908, version 2

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Guillaume Amoyal. Développement d'un imageur gamma hybride pour les applications de l'industrie nucléaire. Physique [physics]. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMC216⟩. ⟨tel-02522908v2⟩

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