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Souffrances limites individuelles et cadres transsubjectifs pour leur symbolisation. : approche psychanalytique des institutions de soin, de l'adolescence, de la violence et du deuil, à l'interface de l'Anthropologie

Abstract : This Thesis is the reworking and re-composition of a study based on the experience acquired by the author from the following:• his active participation in the recent psychiatric reform in Greece (establishment and functioning of a shelter for asylum-seeker patients and later a daycentre for autistic children);• his clinical theory reflections on maltreatment and adolescents (offenders and victims of violence), what the author proposes to call violated transitions.• this research stretching over thirty years on the topic the continuing mourning of the missing persons in Cyprus (on account of the invasion of the island by Turkey in 1974) and the individual, social and political interferences with this impossible mourning;• his studies on the extension of the concept of the work of mourning (as a prototype of the psychic work in his report on the cultural work), the limits and obstacles that the mourning encounters in the context of culture and contemporary society.In the course of these developments, the adopted pluridisciplinary approach gives rise to a dialogue involving the Psychoanalysis, Anthropology and Literature of ancient Greece. Pluridisciplinarity allows, at the same time, the multiplication of approaches, in order to better seize of the phenomena in their complexity and relation to their environments, examine that which is developing on the interfaces, bring out in relief our conceptual and methodological limitations, in order to place into perspective the ways of disengagement and overtaking. (The study on the presumed primacy of the mother in Psychoanalysis and Anthropology, as well as the study on postmodern culture as an anti-mournful meta-frame, are examples of this).4In multiplying the expressions of psychic suffering that have to be studied, the environments where they manifest themselves and the perspectives of their examination, the author is forced to show that the structure and the psychic processes of the individual subject, especially their sufferings, cannot be sufficiently understood and even less so sustained and alleviated, whether one relates them to the loads and contents they take for other subjects, or one articulates and places them in communication with other psychic functions of the latter, also with the frames and meta-frames in which the subjects fall, in their capacity as accepting party and constituent party of a trans-subjective unit.Hypotheses on the inter-subjective processes, functions and contents of transfer, load, transit, trans-subjective framing, recovery and re-symbolization are at the forefront of this work.
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Michael Petrou. Souffrances limites individuelles et cadres transsubjectifs pour leur symbolisation. : approche psychanalytique des institutions de soin, de l'adolescence, de la violence et du deuil, à l'interface de l'Anthropologie. Psychologie. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2107⟩. ⟨tel-02522501⟩

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