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An instrumented controlled-atmosphere cone calorimeter to characterize electrical cable behavior in depleted fires

Abstract : Electrical cable sheaths are the most abundant fire load in nuclear power plants and fire is the most frequent internal aggression (one fire outbreak per year and per nuclear unit in France). A fire is threatening by two means: the heat it releases that may drive a fire growth and the smoke it yields, composed of gases and aerosols, that may be toxic and corrosive and interact with components in the area. At advanced stages, confined fires become oxygen depleted and the combustion regime shifts towards under-ventilated and vitiated combustion with the production of unburnt species leading to a higher threat. To assess the potential hazard of a confined fire, it is then of high importance to quantify the heat release, the gases and the aerosols produced by electrical cable sheaths fires in oxygen depleted conditions. To do so, a bench scale apparatus known as the controlled-atmosphere cone calorimeter (CACC) has been developed. The apparatus has been primarily qualified with PMMA plaques. Representative materials of PVC based electrical cable sheath have been formulated and manufactured in the shape of plaque samples. These materials have been characterized in terms of fire parameters (heat release rate, mass loss rate), evolved gases and evolved aerosols under different oxygen concentrations in under-ventilated conditions thanks to the CACC/FTIR/ELPI coupling. Vitiation lowers the heat release rate and decreases the fuel mass loss rate while under-ventilation increases unburnt species and aerosols production. 1 Fourier Transformed Infrared spectrometer 2 Electrical Low-Pressure Impactor
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  • HAL Id : tel-02521972, version 1

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Sarah Chatenet. An instrumented controlled-atmosphere cone calorimeter to characterize electrical cable behavior in depleted fires. Chemical Sciences. Université de Lille, 2019. English. ⟨tel-02521972⟩

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