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Système Intégré et Multi-Fonctionnel de Stockage Electrique-Thermique avec l'Option de Tri-Génération

Abstract : To address climate change, the transition to a decarbonized energy system is self-evident. The renewable energy sources to support this energy transition are intermittent. Therefore, they should be coupled at an electrical storage system to ensure the reliability of power system using same. Compressed air energy storage (CAES) happens to be one of these technologies of energy storage. Unfortunately, in its current configuration, CAES requires the combustion of natural gas during the discharging periods to improve the global energy efficiency of system. This work contributes to the reduction of the environmental footprint of compressed air energy storage by proposing a small-scale CAES using no fossil fuel energy source. Initially, a careful thermodynamic modeling of such a storage system is made according to the types of components chosen and to their thermal behavior (adiabatic or polytropic). Subsequently, for demonstrating its feasibility, a comprehensive experimental investigation was performed on experimental prototype existing in our lab. The very low experimental conversion efficiency obtained (4%) although confirming the technical feasibility, it has suggested that the proposed storage system should be optimized. A modified real coded genetic algorithm to stabilize and accelerate its convergence is documented here and used to identify a set of thirteen parameters who maximize the global exergy efficiency of proposed electric energy storage system. The result of the optimization indicates that in the optimum operating point, the electrical efficiency of storage system is about 20% for a round trip efficiency of 75%.
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Thomas Guewouo. Système Intégré et Multi-Fonctionnel de Stockage Electrique-Thermique avec l'Option de Tri-Génération. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Nantes, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02520211⟩

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