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Le droit de la concurrence appliqué au secteur agricole : le cadre d'intervention des organisations économiques agricoles

Abstract : Applying competition law to the agricultural sector is regularly debated, given the agricultural market’s many specificities and multifunctional nature. The shift towards the liberalisation of these markets has led to an enhanced position for agricultural economic organisations, such as producer organisations (PO), associations of producer organisations (APO) and interbranch organisations (IO), all within the framework of the common agricultural policy (CAP). The tasks entrusted to these organisations concerning the structuring and management of agricultural markets inevitably lead to discussions about volumes and prices - normally prohibited by common competition law. In the course of the reforms on the regulation pertaining to the common organisation of the markets (COM) for agricultural products, measures derogating from article 101, paragraph 1, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) prohibiting anticompetitive agreements were developed so that agricultural economic organisations may guarantee agricultural market regulation. Nonetheless, the need to protect effective competition on agricultural markets is reasserted by case law, to ensure these markets are indeed integrated into the European Union’s internal market, and given the extent to which competition contributes to the completion of common agricultural policy (CAP) objectives. Setting the framework for the intervention of agricultural economic organisations falling outside competition law is thus a difficult feat.
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Hélène Courades. Le droit de la concurrence appliqué au secteur agricole : le cadre d'intervention des organisations économiques agricoles. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D042⟩. ⟨tel-02518971⟩

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