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Pratiques administratives et judicaires des grands organismes institutionnels en Babylonie, du VIIe au Ve siècle av. J.-C.

Abstract : This dissertation aims to examine how the great organization in 7th -5th century Babylon treated subjects who violatesocial, moral, or religious norms to define the concept of faults and crimes against the organization and determine the particularity and punishment given to such transgressions. In religion, the conception of faults and crimes was associate with two principles: ritual taboo and respect toward the hierarchy of priests. ln the case of faults involving judicial procedure, a guarantor was punished with the same sanction given to a criminal or suspect. In the case of moral and social transgressions, the great organization treated its subjects in a fatherly manner. Crimes against the great organization can be classified into two categories: those against authority and those against property. Crimes against authority were punished severely. Meanwhile, in the case of violations against the temple’s legal right to property the crirninal were punished by the amended 30-time payment without exception. During this period, several punishments coexisted, and we can see the persistence of certain rules since the Old Babylonian period until 5th century B.C.E; however, we can also see some interference by Persian law.
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Ari Kim. Pratiques administratives et judicaires des grands organismes institutionnels en Babylonie, du VIIe au Ve siècle av. J.-C.. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01H013⟩. ⟨tel-02518283⟩

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