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Une approche psychosociale de la protection de l'environnement : perspective temporelle et distance psychologique

Abstract : Environnemental issues are one of the most important problem we face today. Understand determinants of pro-environmental behaviours is crucial. After presenting classic variables as personality and attitudinal variables, we suggest two lines of research adapted to our object specificity for which risks are often distant. In the first line, we will argue that the ability of time projection links the behaviour with its future environmental consequences and should promote commitment to environmental protection. After presenting the theoretical framework of temporal perspective, we conduct a review of literature showing that future orientation is linked to more commitment to the environment. Our studies, however, have not found this link. We have shown a negative correlation between direction towards fatalistic present or negative past and pro-environmental behaviours. Importance of other variables has been demonstrated in these experiences such as environmental concerns, connexion to nature and cultural involvement. In the second line, we will defend the opposite position by arguing that it is by bringing perception of environmental risks closer that we promote pro-environmental behaviour. After exposing the theoretical framework of psychological distance and its relation to levels of constructs, we propose two studies, one measuring the perceived distance regarding environmental problems and the other manipulating it. These studies firstly allowed to characterise the perceived distance to different environmental issues, which are perceived relatively close on all dimensions except for social dimension where they are both close and distant. Then, we show that a close distance is associated with more environmental concerns, an assessment as more real and serious of risks and finally more behavioural intentions to act in favour of environment. We will conclude this work by putting our results in perspective and by suggesting applications in terms of communication on environmental problems.
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Pauline van Laere. Une approche psychosociale de la protection de l'environnement : perspective temporelle et distance psychologique. Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCB102⟩. ⟨tel-02513458⟩

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