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Augmentation de la productivité des projets de R&D sous-traités, sous fortes contraintes, une inférence des approches Earned value et agiles

Abstract : Technology companies are more and more faced to R&D and innovation issues. The acceleration of emergence and evolution of technologies puts a lot of pressure and many new constraints that lead to the needs of lifecycle reduction and R&D productivity enhancement. The first part of this work aims to characterize formally all the actors and their interactions in the complex process of creating innovation that includes R&D phases. We lead to a clearer definition of the scientific locks and raise questions around R&D production processes in an industrial context. In a second part, we made the decision to propose an organizational construction for R&D structure based on proven methods in the world of system development. By remaining anchored in the characterizations obtained in the first part, we focus our construction work in particular on agile methods and on Earned value model. Agile methods are intended to be more flexible and adaptive caused they are focused on actors and deliveries and not onprocesses. Here we use the Earned value model as a management tool for measuring the produced value. After a state of the art both external and internal to the Altran Technologies contractor projects, we build an original framework. This last one defines a list of several principles. This approach allows each one to deploy the model in compliancy with own constraints. The final aim is not to guaranty innovation productivity because for us it seems almost impossible, but to increase, control and measure his occurrence probability. The last part closes the framework proposal by identifying the advantages and the limits, and proposes future perspectives of works to compare the method with some real projects.
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Florian Pereme. Augmentation de la productivité des projets de R&D sous-traités, sous fortes contraintes, une inférence des approches Earned value et agiles. Gestion et management. Université de Strasbourg, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019STRAD022⟩. ⟨tel-02510996⟩

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