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Theses

Comment l'amour de l'art vient aux enfants : ethnographie des dispositifs, pratiques et acteurs de la « démocratisation culturelle » entre École primaire et musée d’art

Abstract : Our thesis is situated at the crossing of education sciences and sociologies of culture, childhood, public action and socialization. It seeks to show how dispositions toward « Art worlds », to speak like Howard Becker, are early built. In other words, we are trying to know how the « love of art » comes (or not) to people from childhood. We are particularly interested in answering the following questions : how a cultural arbitrariness is early imposed ? How categories of perception and appreciation as « art », « artwork », « culture » or « artist » are built ? How children are shapped to incorporate attitudes and habits, mental and behavioral dispositions which are associated with the dominant discourse of cultural proselitism ? How norms of legitimate appropriation of cultural goods are imposed ? How differents categories of socialization agents appropriate these norms to inculcate a respectful report to art ? And how spaces of resistance to cultural order can emerge on the side of adults and children too ? To explore those questions, we relied on a fieldwork in three art museums and several primery schools, articulating direct observations and interviews. With this qualitative approach, we described and studied what Michel Foucault calls « dispositifs » (not only laws, ordonnances of institutions but also rules, speeches and spacial and architectual developments), actors (national and supranational institutions, museums, schools and political agents, parents), and pratices of socialization (particularly in art museums, in connection with school institution and families). That brings us to ask the question of « cultural democratization », as a type of public action, in a school context marked by an injonction to develop education to and by art. We also paid attention to an economic context where cultural institutions and goods occupy an important place in wealth production.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02509112
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Submitted on : Monday, March 16, 2020 - 2:40:10 PM
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Claire Desmitt. Comment l'amour de l'art vient aux enfants : ethnographie des dispositifs, pratiques et acteurs de la « démocratisation culturelle » entre École primaire et musée d’art. Education. Université de Lille, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LILUH035⟩. ⟨tel-02509112⟩

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