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Theses

Apprentissage de mots de deuxième langue : effets du contact avec les concepts sur la lexicalisation et l’accès à la sémantique

Abstract : This thesis investigates the effects of contact with concepts on both lexicalisation and access to the meaning of second language (L2) words in the first steps of learning in adults. In other words, these works study whether direct contact between L2 words and realisations of concepts, i.e., without presentation of native language word, influences lexical organisation, integration and access to the meaning of L2 words in late L2 learners. In the present works, the effect of contact with concepts on access to L2 words meaning was directly investigated by a picture primed L2 word recognition task and indirectly with a more classical method, i.e. a translation recognition task. This effect was also investigated in children with a L2 word - picture matching task. Results highlighted that contact with concepts supports direct access to meaning in the first steps of learning both in adults and in children. The effect of contact with concepts on integration of L2 words into the mental lexicon was investigated through the process of lexical competition and more specifically through the prime lexicality effect. Results showed that contact with concepts facilitates the integration of L2 words into the mental lexicon and that it promotes integration of these words into a single lexicon shared by the native language and the L2. Therefore, this thesis invites to take into account the role of learning method and more specifically the role of contact with concepts in developmental models of bilingual lexical organisation.
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Gary Boddaert. Apprentissage de mots de deuxième langue : effets du contact avec les concepts sur la lexicalisation et l’accès à la sémantique. Psychologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H036⟩. ⟨tel-02509107⟩

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