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Et après ? Une histoire du secours et de l’aide à la réinsertion des rescapés juifs des camps nazis (France, 1943-1948)

Abstract : This Ph.D. thesis focuses on the history of relief and rehabilitation aid to Jewish survivors of Nazi camps in France in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War. Until now, historiography has been mainly concerned with capturing a particular moment: the return of the deportees. In this context, a Parisian luxury hotel transformed into a reception center in April 1945 often seems to summarize the efforts made by both the state and various associations to help them. It is as if this story ended behind the doors of the Lutetia, leaving unanswered the fundamental question of the reintegration of Jewish survivors in French society. What became, in France, of the surviving minority of the targets of the Nazi extermination policy? How were they to find a "normal" life after losing loved ones and property, in a country whose rulers had contributed to the antiJewish policy of the German occupiers? This thesis intends to answer these questions by studying the public and private measures that benefited the Jewish survivors of the camps and their families. Three methodological commitments were adopted. Without neglecting representations of the deportation, this research is resolutely turned towards the practices of contemporaries. In addition, it falls within a relational approach, emphasizing the interactions between public authorities and private organizations. Finally, this manuscript offers an open-ended reading of the relationship between the state and the society, from the point of view of both the population and the organizations considered. In this way, it is a matter of going beyond the national framework by taking into account local and supranational scales and devoting specific attention to migratory flows. By participating in the ongoing renewal of Jewish history after the Holocaust, this thesis has the ambition, through the Nazi camp survivors, to contribute to a better understanding of the potential, implementation or non-application of a relief and rehabilitation aid policy to vulnerable populations victimized by trauma.
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 14, 2020 - 8:24:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 18, 2020 - 1:37:03 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02508526, version 1


Laure Fourtage. Et après ? Une histoire du secours et de l’aide à la réinsertion des rescapés juifs des camps nazis (France, 1943-1948). Histoire. Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02508526⟩



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